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Archive for the ‘Sports Psychology Research’ Category

Mental Training in Sports and Subjective Well-Being

Mental Training, which refers to mental skills and techniques used in sports, is viewed as one of the most important aspects  in  development successful athletes. Most coaches consider sport to be at least 50% mental when competing against an opponent of similar ability. Certain sports (e.g., golf, tennis and figure skating) are consistently viewed as 80% to 90% mental (Weinberg & Gould 2015). Followed by Vealey (2007)  the objective of mental training is to assist sport participants in the development of mental skills to achieve performance success and personal well-being. However, there is little consensus on key components of […]

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Sports Psychology Article Submissions

Mental Edge Athletics is now accepting article submissions from athletes, parents, coaches, students, and professionals for publication on Sport Psychology Today.  Articles are to focus on an area of expertise (sports parent, athlete, coach, professional interests) relating to sport psychology and the mental game.  Upon publication articles will be categorized under the authors’ area of expertise. Every article will be published with the authors name and contact information (optional). Each month one article selected will be highlighted and featured in the Article Showcase where authors have the opportunity to list a profile for reference, and work with Mental Edge […]

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Feedback in Athletic Coaching – Part 2

Feedback in Athletic Coaching: Is Educating Coaches the Missing Link? Researchers have identified several other feedback techniques as useful in coaching. Carol Dweck is a proponent of effort feedback. Effort feedback involves teaching individuals to attribute their failures or lack of success to low effort. This type of feedback also allows the coach to make an association between working hard and success. The result is often more effort. The connections being made in effort feedback can increase motivation, self-efficacy, and proficiency (Schunk, 2003). “Spotlighting Strengths” or noticing athletes’ strengths that they or the team take for granted is an […]

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Feedback in Athletic Coaching – Part 1

Feedback in Athletic Coaching: Is Educating Coaches the Missing Link? There is extensive research in the area of feedback in athletics that is of tremendous practical value to coaches.  However, coaches are not being educated in the theories of feedback nor are they implementing skills that have been discovered by researchers, psychologists, and sports scientists.  In the business world, research and development laboratories pass on this knowledge to professionals to further their companies.  In the world of athletics, qualified sports psychologists and fellow coaches qualified in the area of feedback must pass on this knowledge by presenting research and […]

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Participants Needed for Sport Psychology Research

North Dakota State University is in the process of collecting data for a large study on how participation in competitive sport may impact on psychological well-being. “We are currently seeking individuals willing to participate in an anonymous online study. The purpose of the study is to obtain information about how participation in competitive sport is associated with well-being. The survey is available through a secure website and will take approximately 30 minutes to complete. All participants must be English-speaking, at least 18 years old, and be involved in a competitive sport either as part of a team or an […]

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Challenges, Threats and Stress in Sports

The one constant across all disciplines of competitive sport is that of stress. Athletes are continuously placed under copious amounts of stress, yet are still expected to perform at a high level. We would not be hard pressed to come up with examples of athlete who have ‘frozen’ or ‘choked’ under pressure, and have not liven up to the high expectations. Nevertheless, at the same time there are athletes whose performance is not impaired, who succeed despite the pressure all around them. In order to help explain this difference, it has got to be understood that stress is not […]

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Sport Psychology Research Methods: Qualitative vs Quantitative

Qualitative and Quantitative Qualitative and quantitative research methods are two commonly used psychological research approaches with very different procedures and objectives. It is important for researchers to understand the differences between these two modes of research in order to determine which approach is best suited to adequately address the research question. The greatest distinctions between these two fundamentally different research techniques are the genesis of theory and the role that theory plays in the mechanics of research. In the quantitative technique, the research effort begins with a theory: a statement that tries to explain observed phenomena. The theory is […]

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Championship Team Building Part Three

Championship Team Building Part Three

Team cohesion, motivation and the types of motivation used to promote the “team” concept are paramount in being successful as individuals and as a team. Depending on the types of motivational strategies a coach utilizes, they can maximize team and individual athletic performance, and by doing so can promote team cohesion, overall team climate and even goal setting. Whether a coach chooses BATs, speeches or a certain type of coaching style all have a motivational factor for athletes and the teams they play with. It is up to the coach to know their coaching philosophies, their teams, and individual […]

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ChampionshipTeam Building Part Two

ChampionshipTeam Building Part Two

There are many different types of motivation and reinforcements a coach can use; some may increase or decrease motivation and team cohesion, which has a huge effect on athletic performance. Behavior Alteration Techniques (BAT’s) are some motivational techniques that Martin, Matthew M., Rocca, Kelly A., Cayanus, Jacob L., & Weber, Keith (2009) elaborate on. Their research defines BATs as techniques and messages that teachers used to control their classroom students and classroom environment; they noted that there are 22 different BATs. Some of these techniques are classified as positive BATs and negative BATs. Positive BATs had a positive relationship […]

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Attentional Focus and Self-Talk

Attentional Focus and Best Use of Self-Talk in Closed Skill Tasks International rugby stars and place kickers Dan Carter, Ronan O Gara and Jonny Wilkinson, among many others place the ball, set themselves, say something to themselves and mostly go about their business and put the ball between the posts. So what exactly are they saying and why? Research has shown that the use of psychological techniques can enhance sporting performance (Krane & Williams, 2006). Use of psychological techniques, cognitive strategies or mental training has been commonly used by high performance athletes for many years. Aided by the growth […]

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