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Mental Training in Sports and Subjective Well-Being

Mental Training in Sports and Subjective Well-Being

sports_imageryMental Training, which refers to mental skills and techniques used in sports, is viewed as one of the most important aspects  in  development successful athletes. Most coaches consider sport to be at least 50% mental when competing against an opponent of similar ability. Certain sports (e.g., golf, tennis and figure skating) are consistently viewed as 80% to 90% mental (Weinberg & Gould 2015). Followed by Vealey (2007)  the objective of mental training is to assist sport participants in the development of mental skills to achieve performance success and personal well-being. However, there is little consensus on key components of Mental Training and existing assessment tools vary greatly. 

There is some inconsistency in theoretical framework of mental skills. It seems that Mental Skills is very wide umbrella term which cover mental techniques, strategies, skills and personality traits.  It is important to identify key elements of mental training that are related to performance success and personal well-being to guide the mental skill training assessment. For the purpose of my research I developed new assessment tool Poznan Mental Training Questionnaire, in Polish. I completed statistical analyses on Polish version and it is proposed as a valid measure of mental skills and techniques use in sport settings. 

My aspiration is to make the Questionnaire for international use. So I adapted it into English and I ran the next study. Now I’m in the process in collecting data from international athletes. I would like to invite you to participate in my study.  The completion of the survey takes about 10 minutes. link to questionnaire:

Thank you for your effort and contribution. Please help me to promote  this research among your friends doing sports. Your answers are very valuable for me.
Maciej Behnke
PhD student
Institute of Psychology
Adam Mickiewicz University


  1. I agree with you, this is an important topic that in the last years has been taking a big importante and space around the world. As a sportswoman I help you with the questionnaire and as a Psychologist I would like know the result of the international validation and why not do a validation in Spanish.

    Good luck with your work!

    Diana H.

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